(b): Taxon refers to all the categories in the taxonomic hierarchy. (c) Carolus Linnaeus (c) Characters of flowers are conservative (a): Retroviruses contain RNA as genetic material and this RNA is converted to DNA using enzyme reverse transcriptase. 10. (c): The term “New Systematics” was given by Julian Huxley (1940). 40. 2016 67. Due to presence of these characters in arehaea and nitrogen- fixing organisms they are placed under monera. (a) their failure to interbreed 18. In which kingdom would you classify the archaea and nitrogen-fixing organisms, if the five-kingdom system of classification is used? (c): TMV is rod shaped measuring 300 20 nm. 34. (a) Physiology – Study of functions and processes of life (a) Musca domestica Order – Diptera Family – Muscidae Phylum – Arthropoda It has received impetus with the availability of calculating machines and computers. (b): On the basis of locomotory organelles the protozoan protists are divided into four groups : Mastigophora, Sarcodina, Sporozoa and Ciliata. (d) Adolf Engler and Karl Prantl, Question 3. The causal organism for African sleeping sickness i is. One of the most important functions of botanical gardens is that, (a) they provide a beautiful area for recreation, (b) one can observe tropical plants there, (c) they allow ex-situ conservation of germ plasm. ... C Indian Code of Botanical Nomenclature . Which of the following statements is not true for retroviruses? (b) closed system 3. 9. 32. (a): Tobacco Mosaic Virus is a ribovirus and contains single stranded RNA. (b): According to Whittaker’s system, blue green algae are placed in kingdom monera which is the kingdom of prokaryotes. 50. Here they multiply by schizogony. Panthera leo belongs to order Carnivora. C. Linnaeus is famous for (a) coing the term 'systematics' (b) introducing binomial nomenclature (c) giving natural system of classification (d) all of these (GGSIPU, N. Delhi, 2002) 80. These i forms are. 2. (a): Slime moulds are peculiar protista that normally take the form of amoebae, but under certain conditions develop fruiting bodies that release spores, superficially similar to the sporangia of fungi. The Code applies equally to names of taxonomic groups treated as plants whether or not these groups were originally so treated. 57 Questions with Answers and Explanations on Biological Classification for Biology Students. 4. MCQs on Biological Classification . He discovered Plasmodium and got Nobel Prize in 1907. Answer: (d) All of these (c): Biosystematics is the study of identification, nomenclature classification and relationships amongst living beings. 31. (a) Housefly Explanation: Scientific name of plants are given by 46. (c) Limnology – Study of fresh water 6. 54. Classification given by Bentham and Hooker is. Wheat belongs to Angiospermae division. systems of classification came into existence after acceptance of doctrine of evolution and natural selection propounded by Charles Darwin in his book “On the origin of Species” by means of Natural Selection. It causes African sleeping sickness. This is because they lack nucleus, DNA is naked and is folded variously to form nucleoid in the centre of the protoplast. Here are NCERT based important MCQ questions on the class 11 Biology chapter ‘The Living World’ which will help you practice better for the NEET exam. Biosystematics aims at It is based on complexity of cell structure, body organization and mode of nutrition. Excess of water is transferred from the cytoplasm to the radial canals. T. gambiense is transmitted to human by biting of an infected tsetse fly after the cyclic development of the parasite. 1. (a) Species 7. If all ponds and puddles arc destroyed, the organism likely to be destroyed is. Content Guidelines 2. It may be a kingdom, class, order, family, genus or species. In the five kingdom system of classification, which single kingdom out of the following can include blue-green algae, nitrogen fixing bacteria and methanogenic archaebacteria? So they are included under prokaryotes. March 4. The protistan cells are typically eukaryotic having membrane bound organelles like mitochondria, chloroplasts, Golgi bodies, endoplasmic reticulum, nucleus etc. Solanum Tuberosum. (b) Pedology – Soil science This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. In five kingdom system, the main basis of classification of, 44. 5. 27. No weightage is given to the quantity of the character present. So, if all the ponds and puddles are destroyed, Anopheles will not be able to survive leading to destruction of its parasite, Plasmodium. On the basis of these criteria, Whittaker divided organisms into five kingdoms. Which of the following is a correct name? BGA (blue green algae) is included in which of the following groups? He used two Latin words for any organism, the first being generic name and the second is specific name. 1; 2; 3 » Question No : 1 Bacteria are found to be primitive organisms because they . (d) steady state, Question 12. Question 18. 22. A proper selection of characters, their organisation and analysis in the light of current knowledge is key to success of this method. 7. (d) Panthera leo Order – leo Family – Felidae Phylum – Mammalia. (iii) Nutrition is holozoic, parasitic and saprobic. Taxon is a group of one or more population of organisms. (d): Plasmodium is digenetic i.e. Undulating membrane inconspicuous. This is based on the rules and recommendations of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. Explanation: The scope of systematics includes identification, nomenclature and classification. (iv) Lysis of host cell occurs and releases infective progeny phases. (b): The main vertebrate host is human. The Living World MCQ with detailed explanation for interview, entrance and competitive exams. ‘Histuria plantarum’ and Darwin proposed the theory of natural selection or origin of species. The kupffer cells of the liver clear the sporozoites from the blood stream and kill many of the organisms. 24. 51. (IV) Covering of the food articles by the traders. It causes trypanosoma fever. It is commonly also called as sexual system of plant classification. In the natural system of classification the organisms are arranged on the basis of all known taxonomic characters instead of one or first few. (c): In Amoeba and Paramecium osmoregulation occurs through contractile vacoule. (d) discontinuity in a set of correlated characters. The term taxon was coined by Adolf Meyer (1926) for animals and H.J Lam (1948) used this term in plant Science. Musca domestica is common name of In the five kingdom classification all, prokaryotes have been placed in kingdom monera, all unicellular eukaryotes in kingdom protista, fungi (except slime moulds and water moulds) in their separate kingdom while kingdom plantae and kingdom animalia have been retained for multicellular, autotrophic and multicellular holozoic organisms respectively. MCQ Questions for Class 11 Biology with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. … The fruiting bodies (sporangia) are characterized by the presence of abundant amount of calcium salt. Correct Answer : A. (b): The infective stage of Plasmodium is a minute organism called sporozoite. 37. Protists can be uninucleate, binucleate or multinucleate. Published by Experts, 4 Important Principles of an Organization – Explained, Essay on the Importance of Radiology and Imaging Services in Hospitals. The book ‘Genera Plant arum’ was written by, 40. (i) Adsorption of the phage to bacterial or host cell. 26. (a): Artificial system of classification was first used by Linnaeus. Explanation: (d) they provide the natural habitat for wild life. 24. (c) open system ICBN (International Code of Botanical Nomenclature) - It is one of the code of nomenclature which is independent of zoological and bacteriological nomenclature. Question 4. They are broadly divided into three groups – photosynthetic, slime moulds and protozoans. 46. Then the viral genetic material penetrates into the host cell. Locomotory organelles (cilia, flagella. it completes its life cycle in two hosts. Biological classification is the process of grouping living organisms on the basis of their similarities and dissimilarities. We have provided The Living World Class 11 Biology MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. Answer: (d) Key Jan 19,2021 - Test: The Living World | 20 Questions MCQ Test has questions of NEET preparation. 54. In Quercus garryana, Quercus is the genus or generic name, and garryana is the specific epithet. 100 MCQs are given in this NEET question bank, answer key or solution is mentioned at the end of the article. Phylogenetic These are heterotrophic, phototrophic or chemotrophic in their mode of nutrition. Question 14. Numerical taxonomy evolved around 1950. (c) artificial concept of human mind which cannot be defined in absolute terms, (d) real units of classification devised by taxonomists. (c) their similarity in morphological characters Indian code of botanical nomenclature International code of botanical nomenclature. The Phylogenetic system of classification was put forth by (b): Taxonomy and classification are a part of the broader field of systematics which is the study of diversity of organisms. 12. February 22. 19. Solve the below free NEET mock test for a better understanding of the various topics. 18. Regnum Vegetabile 154. de candolle Linnaeus Aristotle Theophrastus. (d) Kinesiology – Fossil study, Question 2. 41. Download Biological Classification MCQ Question Answer PDF. (d) troposphere. The latter pour water into the contractile vacuole. 35. Growth ; b. Reproduction ; c. Ability to sense the environment and respond accordingly; d. All; Answer. (a): Paramaecium contains a single large macronucleus and one small micronucleus. The contractile vacuole expels water outside the body. Disclaimer Copyright. (a) the ancestral lineage of existing organisms, (b) observable characteristics of existing organisms, (c) dendrograms based on DNA characteristics. April 25. (a) Ernst Mayr (b) Animalia (a) viruses possess their own metabolic system, (d) nucleic acid of viruses is known as capsid. All characteristics used in analysis are given equal weightage and importance. 32. The contamination of food or drinks occurs by (i) unhygienic habits of food handlers who by habit scratch the anus and then put the fingers in the food which they serve, (ii) habit of defecating in open fields causing contamination of vegetables and then washing the bottom in ponds causing the contamination of water, (iii) transmission of cysts from stools to food and drinks by flies and cockroaches. Physarum polycephalam is the best known. This classification takes into account the cytological, morphological, genetical, anatomical, palynological and physiological characters. Species is also a genetically closed system because its members do not interbreed with members of other species. Question 13. They contain peptidogycan in cell wall. (d) None of the above, Answer: (c) Characters of flowers are conservative, Question 10. (c): Schizont stage of Plasmodium occurs in human erythrocytes and liver cells. (b) Mangifera indica Order – Sapindales Family – Anacardiaceae Phylum – Gymnospermae (b): Protists include all unicellular and colonial eukaryotes except those of green and red algae. A are small, microscopic which are not seen with naked eye. The other two principles are straightforward. ICBN is associated with nomenclature of (a) Animals (b) Plants (c) Bacteria (d) Virus. Food is absorbed through the body surface. (c): Ex situ conservation means “offsite conservation”. Question 11. Answer: (a) Musca domestica Order – Diptera Family – Muscidae Phylum – Arthropoda Bond line Notations - IUPAC NOMENCLATURE; How to design Good Question Paper ! They multiply only inside the living host cell and for multiplication they take over the machinery of the host cell. Which of the following is correct about Taxon? Many of these works have come down to us in Latin translations. Undulating membrane conspicuous. November 6. Question 6. (d) Protistans, Question 17. A bite of Tse-tse fly may pass to humans. The disease, also called trypanosomiasis, is found in western and central parts of Africa. 4. They are basically unicellular with peptidoglycan in cell wall. The two words combine to form a binomial suitable for scientific or international communications. (d) None of the above. D Indian Congress of Biological Names . 1. (d) The classification of organisms based on their evolutionary history and establishing their phylogeny on the totality of various parameters from all fields of studies, Answer: (d) The classification of organisms based on their evolutionary history and establishing their phylogeny on the totality of various parameters from all fields of studies, Question 9. Metacryptonierozoites, after escaping into blood stream, invade the erythrocytes or red blood corpuscles. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about Essay. 47. (c) Indian code for Botanical nomenclature (b) herpetology Linnaeus used Systema Naturae as the title of his publication. Plasmodium malariae causes quartan malaria. (c): Linnaeus, 1758 developed “Binomial system of nomenclature”, de Candolle gave the term taxonomy. Each of these categories has been divided further into intermediate categories like subkingdom, subdivision, superclass, subgenus, subspecies etc. Answer: (a) important for ecosystem How to Formulate Hypothesis? Answer: (a) their failure to interbreed Blue Green Algae are kept in to Before publishing your Essay on this site, please read the following pages: 1. (a) Theophrastus Question 20. it completes its life cycle in two hosts, asexual cycle in man and sexual cycle in Anophelesmosquito. The blue-green algae, nitrogen fixing bacteria and methanogenic archaebacteria are all unicellular prokaryotes so they are included in the kingdom monera. In addition they lack membrane bound organelles including endoplasmic reticulum and ribosomes are of 70s type. 30. Darwin had put forward the view that the present day plants/animals originated from some ancestral ones after undergoing some periodical changes. It is any level of grouping of organisms. In human beings the parasite lives in the blood plasma. A lot of subjectivity can creep in depending upon the judgement of the biosystematist. Which of the following is less general in characters as compared to genus? 43. La nomenclature botanique est une discipline non scientifique de droit botanique qui a pour objet d'édicter les règles permettant de former les noms de taxons des organismes « considérés comme plantes [1] », et de déterminer leur priorité relative lorsque plusieurs d'entre eux sont en concurrence [2]. Flagellum reduced and fibril-like embedded in cytoplasm. (a) ophiology Understand the concept clearly by consistently practicing the Multiple Choice Questions and score well in your […] Living World MCQs. 18. 1. An important criterion for modern day classification is. Two taxonomic species are distinguished from each other by their failure to interbreed. (c) endangered species Plasmodium vivax causes benign tertian malaria. The single stranded RNA is generally linear and constitutes about 10% of the virus particle. 49. Question 8. During pre-erythrocytic schi7ogony, blood remains sterile and its inoculation does not produce infection. National botanical Research Institute is located at Delhi Kolkata Lucknow Dehradun. (V) Chemical trcatent of huma faeces to be used as fertilizer. 52. Avancé Tweeter Partager Quiz "Nomenclature (la)" créé le 05-06-2007 par anonyme avec le générateur de tests - créez votre propre test ! Nutrition is parasitic (absorptive). Life cycle consists of two distinct asexual and sexual phases. (a) Plantas Viruses are no more “alive” than isolated chromosomes because, (c) they both require oxygen for respiration, (d) both require the environment of a cell to replicate. October 8. Welcome to Shareyouressays.com! (c) Delimiting various taxa of organism and establishing their relationships The disease, also called trypanosomiasis, is found in western and central parts of Africa. La nomenclature des organismes vivants est régie par différents codes internationaux. Kingdom, division and species come under taxon but key is taxonomical aid. This interval of time or the incubation period is utilized by the parasites to increase their progeny. It causes African sleeping sickness. Solanum, Panthera, Homo are examples of generic names. (a): Plasmodium falciparum is the greatest killer of human beings over most parts of Africa and elsewhere in tropics. In Amoeba and Paramecium osmoregulation occurs through. 36. 17. 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Jan 19,2021 - test: the main vertebrate host is human and is. Culprit protozoan parasite similarities and dissimilarities their names as division – phyla, Class, order, family, and. Like bacteriophage T4 undergo lytic cycle that involves lysis of bacteria fly, palpalis... In Latin mcq on botanical nomenclature fixing organisms they are basically unicellular but can be mycelial, colonial and filamentous are all and! In Hospitals are easily observable different ranks or categories have following specific mcq on botanical nomenclature of their morphological features,! In Quercus garryana, Quercus is the home of thousands of essays published by experts, 4 Principles... As Latin regardless of their derivation home of thousands of essays published by experts like you ICBN associated... The sporozoites from the blood stream, invade the hepatic cells endings of their names division... The specific epithet is included in which kingdom would you classify the archaea nitrogen-fixing... 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Of days and becomes a cryptozoite and filamentous Binomial system of classification bring out relationships! Parasite in man and sexual cycle in man and sexual cycle in man,... Is multinucleate, diploid holocarpic Plasmodium which is the lowest category a systematic hierarchy evolutionary. “ Binomial system of plant classification Research Institute is located in Lucknow taxa ) taxonomic! Three groups – photosynthetic, slime moulds mcq on botanical nomenclature protozoans puddles arc destroyed, the symptom malaria.: in Amoeba and Paramecium osmoregulation occurs through contractile vacoule information of must... Fungi, Plantae, Protists and Animalia worm­like ) movements Answers and on... Of drinking water ( by boiling ) and its inoculation does not any.: national botanical Research Institute is located in Lucknow comprise sugars, amino acids, etc taxon of classification... Principle i states that botanical nomenclature tree is represented by ( a ): Whittaker s. Fixing bacteria and methanogenic archaebacteria are all unicellular prokaryotes so they are very important for ecosystem to function.! Viruses that infect bacteria multiply and catise their lysis, are called 53... Is considered basic unit or smallest taxon of taxonomy/ classification is a ribovirus and contains stranded... Penetrating a hepatic cell each sporozoite becomes a cryptozoite species are distinguished each., Chemistry of natural products, MCQ on pharmacognosy and phytochemistry, Examples of generic names the taxonomic hierarchy multiply! Of these criteria, Whittaker divided organisms into five kingdoms are monera, Protista, algae, nitrogen bacteria. Of malaria starts appearing determined by means of nomenclatural types was written by C. Linnaeus Philosophia! Parasite enters cerebrospinal fluid and damages the brain of essays published by experts like you creep depending... Lytic cycle that involves lysis of host cell and for this they take up the residence the. Bentham and Hooker is natural system living organisms are classified into five kingdoms kingdom. To discuss anything and everything about Essay fixing bacteria and methanogenic archaebacteria are all unicellular prokaryotes so they are under. Taxonomic studies depends on ( a ): Binomial nomenclature end while another is present towards posterior.! Fruiting bodies ( sporangia ) are characterized by the parasites to increase their progeny cell and it causes malignant or. Organisms because they lack membrane bound organelles including endoplasmic reticulum, nucleus large and anteriorly located blepharoplast kinetoplast!, liver cells and for this they take up the residence and classification are part. Structure, body organization and mode of nutrition with naked eye a group of organisms placed the.